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Comparatives and Superlatives

Adjectives and adverbs are essential parts of speech that help us describe and compare things and people. They allow us to express differences, similarities, and degrees of qualities. Comparatives and superlatives are forms of these descriptive words that enable us to compare and contrast objects, individuals, or actions. In this article, we will explore how to use comparatives and superlatives effectively.

Comparatives are used to compare two things or people, while superlatives are used to compare three or more things or people. These forms of adjectives and adverbs help us express qualities in relation to others, indicating whether something is better, worse, faster, slower, etc.

When forming comparatives, we usually add “-er” to short adjectives and adverbs, while longer ones use “more” before the adjective or adverb. For superlatives, we add “-est” to short adjectives and adverbs, and use “most” before long adjectives and adverbs.

Let’s take a look at some examples:

Comparative examples:
– Mary is taller than Sarah.
– This car is faster than the previous model.
– She sings more beautifully than her sister.

Superlative examples:
– He is the tallest person in the room.
– The cheetah is the fastest land animal.
– This is the most delicious cake I have ever tasted.

It is important to note that some adjectives and adverbs have irregular comparative and superlative forms. For example, “good” becomes “better” in the comparative form and “best” in the superlative form. Similarly, “bad” becomes “worse” and “worst.” Here are some more examples of irregular forms:

– Positive: good, bad, far
– Comparative: better, worse, farther/further
– Superlative: best, worst, farthest/furthest

To summarize the formation of comparatives and superlatives:

| Positive | Comparative | Superlative |
| short adj | -er | -est |
| long adj | more | most |
| irregular | comparative | superlative |

Now let’s practice using comparatives and superlatives:

1. Form the comparative and superlative forms of the following adjectives:
– Fast: ___________, ___________
– Beautiful: ___________, ___________
– Small: ___________, ___________

– Fast: faster, fastest
– Beautiful: more beautiful, most beautiful
– Small: smaller, smallest

2. Choose the correct form (comparative or superlative) to complete the following sentences:
– This is the __________ book I have ever read. (interesting, more interesting)
– Sarah is __________ than her brother. (tall, taller)
– My dog is the __________ pet in the neighborhood. (friendly, friendliest)

– This is the most interesting book I have ever read.
– Sarah is taller than her brother.
– My dog is the friendliest pet in the neighborhood.

Using comparatives and superlatives effectively allows us to express comparisons and contrasts accurately. By understanding the rules and practicing their usage, we can enhance our descriptive abilities and communicate more precisely. Keep practicing to become more proficient in using comparatives and superlatives in your everyday conversations and writing.


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